For some reason, I never knew that you could trunk and use a sub-interface on the same port of a Catalyst 6500, so I’m recording it here for personal reference.
What I wanted to achieve was to connect two 7600 routers over an Ethernet pseudowire (E-Line, EoMPLS circuit, AToM circuit, Martini circuit – whatever it’s called these days). The reason I needed to do so was that the interveninig 6500 routers were only getting a default route via BGP from the 7600s.
The network looks a bit like this:
The routers R1 and R2 have a full internet routing table, and they send only a default route to the 6500s (because the supervisor on these switches can’t handle all the routes).
Configure a full iBGP mesh and everyone’s happy, right? That’s what I thought, but it didn’t work out that way.
The customer implemented this and found that when the transit peerings on R1 were down, there was a routing loop. The reason is that although R1 still has the full routing table from R2 via the peering they have, when packets are sent by R1 to the left-hand 6500, it only has a default route. That default route is coming in from R1 – so it just sends the packets back to R1!
So, short of investing in a new circuit to connect the two routers up directly, there were several options available:
1. Configure the site inter-link as a layer-2 one, and run VLAN tags across it
2. Configure an EoMPLS circuit between new sub-interfaces on R1 and R2
We didn’t like the sound of option 1, because to make the VLAN resilient would require spanning-tree. So we went for option 2 instead.
The interfaces on the 6500s were trunk links, so I thought to make this new interface I’d need to configure a VLAN and an SVI. Then put the MPLS “xconnect” command on the SVI. This didn’t work though – the command “show mpls l2transport vc detail” was coming up with “Invalid NEXT HOP” or something like that. So I thought the plan was dead in the water. However, the following 6500 config worked very nicely:
interface GigabitEthernet2/1 switchport switchport trunk allowed vlan 101 switchport mode trunk interface GigabitEthernet2/1.100 encapsulation dot1Q 100 no snmp trap link-status xconnect 192.168.201.2 100 encapsulation mpls
This is the configuration of the 6500 port facing the R1. VLAN 101 is the one that carries OSPF for iBGP peerings between R1 and the two 6500s. Sub-interface Gig2/1.100 is the start of an EoMPLS circuit that runs across to the other 6500. Packets received with VLAN tag 100 are encapsulated in MPLS and transported across the network. R1 and R2 now have a direct connection.
Don’t forget what most Cisco MPLS books don’t tell you – if you’re running MPLS and configuring EoMPLS, the MTU on the MPLS-enabled interfaces needs to be increased by 8 bytes. This is to cope with the TWO MPLS labels that are applied to the packets. The outer label is used for hop-by-hop forwarding of the packet to the egress PE, while the inner label is used to tell the egress PE which VPN the packet belongs to (based in this case on the VC ID). The VC ID (in this case the number 100 on the xconnect command) needs to agree at both ends and be unique.